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Many have wrestled with the tragic story of King Saul in the book of Samuel, particularly why God’s justice and goodness seem inconsistent with His relationship to and treatment of King Saul in contrast to that of King David. Though God chose each to fulfill a kingly role, His reason for elevating David and rejecting Saul can be unclear. Rather than ignoring this apparent inconsistency, a deeper look at the structure and expectations of Israelite kingship uncovers the truth that God’s faithfulness is consistent throughout and foundational to the stories of these two kings.